Ten Top Odd Mental Diseases
Victims of mental diseases have one thing in common. They firmly think that what they are experiencing is real. Syndromes and delusions are then revealed in a variety of bizarre and weird forms.
1. Stockholm Syndrome
From rape and child abuse, to being taken hostage to wife beating, the Stockholm syndrome is a psychological reaction, in which the victim displays symptoms of empathy, loyalty or even voluntary obedience to the perpetrator, despite the risk in which the victims find themselves.
2. Lima Syndrome
The hostage taker here becomes more emotionally close by the plights and needs of the hostages, than the earlier goal. This is the undo of the Stockholm syndrome.
3. Diogenes Syndrome
Diogenes was an ancient Greek philosopher who decided to live in a wine barrel, promoting ideas of nihilism and animalism. This syndrome is a condition which is characterized by excessive self neglect, compulsive hoarding and reclusive tendencies, which can include animals.
4. Paris Syndrome
In the famous tourist city of Paris, this syndrome causes mainly Japanese nationals and tourists to have a mental breakdown. It is in fact a form of culture shock.
Japanese tourists feel unable to argue back when they are confronted with a rude French taxi driver or waiter. They bottle up their own anger until it causes a mental breakdown. The Japanese embassy had to create a 24hr hotline for tourists suffering from this syndrome, since some tourists needed emergency hospitalization.
5. Stendhal Syndrome
When an individual is exposed to art, they can develop a psychosomatic illness which creates a rapid heartbeat, dizziness, confusion and even hallucinations. The art work is typically very large, or very beautiful. This syndrome can also take place even when a person is confronted with a particularly beautiful landscape, or city.
6. Jerusalem Syndrome
This particular syndrome is not limited to any one religion or denomination. It takes place when a person is overwhelmed by religiously themed obsessive ideas, delusions, or other psychosis-like experiences connected to a visit to the city of Jerusalem.
Everyone who undergoes this spontaneous psychosis, has a history of previous mental disease, or was suspected of having been 'unwell' before visiting the city.
7. Capgras Delusion
The victim of this disorder believes an acquaintance, normally a partner, or other close family member has been replaced by an identical looking imposter. It is a rare disorder and frequently related to people suffering from schizophrenia, dementia, or brain injury.
This disorder has been widely utilized in films and books such as The Stepford Wives.
8. Fregoli Delusion
In this rare disorder, Fregoli Delusion which is the exact opposite of the Capgras Delusion, a human being is convinced that many different people have one single identity that constantly changes appearance, or is in disguise.
9. Cotard Delusion
This is rare psychiatric disorder which can also include delusions of immortality. It is where a person is under the mistaken belief that he or she has ceased to exist, is dead, is putrefying, or has lost their blood, or internal organs.
10. Reduplicative Paramnesia
A person experiencing this delusion believes that a location or place, has been created identically so it exists in two or more places simultaneously, or it has been relocated to a different site. In one case a patient was firmly under the impression they were in a similar-looking hospital, but at a different location.
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